Pancreas is an organ located deep inside the upper abdomen that produces enzyme for digestion of food and hormone such as insulin.
Pancreatic cyst are usually discovered during health screening because they generally do not produce symptoms. Evaluation of pancreatic cyst may involve imaging such as MRI or CT scan. Endoscopic ultrasound with biopsy in selected cases is regarded as the most accurate way to evaluated pancreatic cyst. Most pancreatic cysts are not cancerous and can be monitored. The larger ones need evaluation because they either can have potential to be cancerous or are already cancerous.
Pancreatic cancer is a dreaded cancer that has high death rate. It often present late. Symptoms of pancreatic cancer can include pain in the middle of the upper abdomen and loss of weight. Some patient may have jaundice and pale stool.
Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. There are 2 types of pancreatitis: acute pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis. Patients with acute pancreatitis has severe upper abdominal pain that go to the back. The severity of the pain means that almost all are managed as inpatient. The more severe pancreatitis need to be managed in intensive care units. Chronic pancreatitis also presents as upper abdominal pain. In addition, they may have chronic diarrhoea, malabsorption and diabetes.